Due to the founding ideals of Melanesian solidarity, GROUPEM is involved in a number of projects, from commercial agreements to sports programs. It also conducts region-specific research and publishes reports on topics ranging from fisheries management to “alternative welfare indicators for Melanesia”. In terms of its performance, the MSG has appointed a group of appointees to review their progress since its inception and develop an action plan to maximize their performance by 2038. Under the title “MSG 2038 Prosperity for All Plan”, its main solution is to further strengthen Melanesian sub-regionalism through increased cooperation, integration and service delivery. The Organization is encouraged to continue to work with other international organizations. Increased subregionalism does not require a rollback of initiatives. The report focuses on the integration of TK, as it remains an important commonality among Member States. As climate security remains a common concern of Member States, the MSG has recently developed a new climate finance strategy. This strategy was declared “the first in the world to implement the COP23 mandate” because of its response to the needs-based financing (NBF) project developed by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The objective of the NBF project is to help developing countries implement migration and adaptation policies according to their needs. MSG was the first sub-regional group in the world to carry out a climate finance strategy, a source of pride for MSG. As the first to conclude this strategy, the MSG offered to assist other regions of small island states in developing a climate finance strategy. From 24 to 26 June 2015, the Summit of Member States in Honiara (Solomon Islands) concluded with important decisions; Indonesia was appointed an associate member of the group, making it the official representative of the West Papua region, while the United West Papua Liberation Movement (ULMWP) remained an observer.
  The ULMWP was considered only a representative of the West Papuans outside the country.  In addition to the MSG Trade Agreement, there are a number of projects and activities within the Secretariat and under the leadership of the political leadership. There are several economic activities, including the development of a qualification programme to facilitate labour migration between member countries. At its last summit in 2013, the MSG took the groundbreaking decision to establish a Peacekeeping Operations Division to explore ways to provide MSG personnel to UN peacekeeping missions in other parts of the world. One of the key features of the MSG is the Melanesian Spearhead Group Trade Agreement, a subregional preferential trade agreement established to promote and accelerate economic development through trade relations and to provide a policy framework for regular consultations and reviews on the status of the agreement to ensure that export and import trade is in a true spirit of the Melanesian solidarity and in one of the most beneficiary countries (MFN). Negotiations take place regularly between the chairs of the members to discuss the progress and developments of the agreement. After a revision in 2005, it includes 180 tax-free items. Its members are Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front (FLNKS), an independence movement in New Caledonia. Victor Tutugoro of FLNKS is currently Chair of the Multi-Stakeholder Group, having succeeded Voreqe Bainimarama of Fiji in 2013. The presence of a political group like FLNKS is unusual and reflects the historical and political roots of the MULTI-PARTY GROUP. The newly independent Melanesian countries came together in a spirit of ethnic and cultural solidarity, with an explicit commitment to work for the liberation of their Kanaky brothers.
This is one of the main reasons for the signing of the “Agreed Principles of Cooperation among the Independent States of Melanesia” in 1988. While the MSG is certainly the most established and active of the three subregional groupings, its leaders would like to stress that they are not trying to challenge or compete with the Pacific Islands Forum. Some key staff members of the MSG Secretariat have experience working within the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat and/or other regional organizations, which is reflected in similar approaches and processes. The current Director-General of the Secretariat, Peter Forau, stressed that the implementation of the MSG trade agreement is an important milestone for the Group and an indicator of its success. It was signed in 1993 by Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Fiji joined in 1998. The melanesian Spearhead Group was founded with the aim of promoting economic growth in Melanesian countries. The purpose of the group is: (PNG), Solomon Islands, Republic of Vanuatu and a representative of the Kanak National Socialist Liberation Front (FLNKS) of New Caledonia, which took place on 17 July 1986 in Goroka, Papua New Guinea.
At their constituent meeting, the Heads of Government agreed on the importance of having common positions and solidarity at the forefront of subregional issues of common interest, including the cause of flns` political independence in New Caledonia. Two years later, on 14 March 1988, in Port Vila, Vanuatu, the founding members of the Multi-Stakeholder Group, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, signed the agreed principles of cooperation among the independent States of Melanesia. The Secretariat of the Melanesian Spearhead Group was established in May 2008 on an ad hoc basis after years of activity. The opening of a permanent office in Port Vila, Vanuatu, marked the beginning of a new phase for the MSG Group, which dared to organize and manage its affairs in a more structured way.  In 2013, the National Liberation Council of West Papua (WPNCL) applied to become a member of the group. A decision on this application is still pending. Since June 2013, there have been a number of twists and turns that have led some to question whether this issue is undermining the unity of the group. It was founded in 1986 as a political assembly.  On March 23, 2007, members signed the Convention establishing the Melanesian Spearhead Group, which formalizes the group under international law. The head office is located in Port Vila, Vanuatu.  A secretariat building was constructed by the People`s Republic of China and handed over to the MSG in November 2007.
 The first Director General of the MSG Secretariat was Rima Ravusiro of Papua New Guinea.  Since April 2016, Amena Yauvoli of Fiji has headed the MSG Secretariat.  The MSG is one of three sub-regional groupings in the Pacific Island region. As the name suggests, it includes the Melanesian countries of the Southwest Pacific that are closest to Australia. These countries make up the vast majority of the population of the Pacific island region. Their economies, driven by resources, tourism and agriculture, are the most dynamic in the wider Pacific. The Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) was designed in 1986 between the three Melanesian Pacific island states of Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands.  The MSG Trade Agreement was signed in 1993 by Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. The 6.
Meeting of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) on Trade and Economy in Honiara on 16 April 1997, the delegation of Fiji agreed to join the meeting. This initiative was endorsed at the MSG Leaders` Summit in 1997. Fiji became an official member of the MSG trade agreement on 14 April 1998. The 9th meeting of MSG Trade and Economic Officers was held on 29-30 November 2000 in Papua New Guinea. At that meeting, the extension of customs items in the MSG`s product list from four digits to six digits was adopted, thereby facilitating MSG trade by removing ambiguity in the identification of products at Customs ports of entry. The Agreement is in line with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and has been approved and recognised by the Committee on Regional Arrangements of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in order to be consistent with and comply with Article 24 of the GATT/WTO Agreement. As part of the research I did last year with Matthew Dornan of the ANU, we looked at proposals for consolidation of services that could be made by organizations like MGS. These proposals include the massive purchase of medicines, the development of maritime transport services between Member States and the marketing of tourism to promote destinations in several countries. We found that there was room for cautious optimism about the MSG`s approach in this area, resulting from the recognition of the importance of good political processes and the (obvious) commitment of political leaders.
The Multi-Stakeholder Group was founded on 14 March 1988 in Port Vila by the Heads of Government of the various independent States and the leadership of FLNKS. .